A

Aeneas famous Trojan leader who fled from burning Troy and came to Italy to found a new place to live for his people

Antonius, Marcus Marc Antony, 83-30 BC, together with Octavianus and Lepidus appointed triumvir after the murder of Julius Caesar, lover of Cleopatra

Augustus originally called Gaius Octavius, 63 BC - AD 14, first emperor of Rome 27 BC-AD 14, adopted son of Julius Caesar, whereafter his official name was Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus

B

Brutus and Cassius leaders of the conspiracy against Julius Caesar, who murdered him on the Ides (15th) of March

C

Caecilius Epirota, Quintus the first Latin teacher, first century BC, who used Roman writers as a model for his lessons

Caesar, Gaius Julius 100-44 BC, writer, politician and dictator 46-44 BC, murdered in a conspiracy on 15 March ("Ides") 44 BC

Caesarion "Little Caesar", Ptolemy XV, 47-30 BC; son of Cleopatra, who claimed that Julius Caesar was his father

Castor and Pollux the Greek heroes Kastor and Polydeukes, participants in the journey of the Argonauts

Cicero, Marcus Tullius writer, orator, philosopher and politician, 106-43 BC; his writing is considered as the standard of classical Latin

Claudius Caecus, Appius censor who commissioned the building of the Appian Way in 312 BC

Cleopatra in full Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 69 - 30 BC, lover of Julius Caesar and later the wife of Mark Antony, queen of Egypt 51-30 BC.

Curtius, Marcus legendary hero, who in 362 BC leaped, in full armour and on horseback into a deep chasm in the Roman Forum, as the seers declared that the pit would never close until Rome's most valuable treasure was thrown into it

D

Domitius Caesar Castoranus, Sestus Emporer of Rome AD 30-48, reviled for despotic rule in later years, father of Emporer Domitius and Pontifex Ennius.

E

Ennius epic poet, dramatist, and satirist, 239-169 BC, with his epic Annales the founder of Roman literature

F

Faustulus shepherd, who, with his wife Acca Larentia, found and reared the twins Romulus & Remus

G

Gracchus, Gaius & Tiberius Sempronius brothers (grandsons of Scipio Africanus) who as plebeian tribunes stood up for the rights of the poor and proposed general reform (provision of wheat and distribution of land); both were killed during riots, Tiberius 133 BC and Gaius 121 BC

H

Horatius Flaccus, Quintus Roman lyric poet 65-8 BC

I

Iulus son of Aeneas and Creusa (Lavinia according to Livy); by that name the gens Julia (including the family of Julius Caesar) traced its descent

L

Lepidus, Marcus Aemilius statesman who joined Marc Antony and Octavian in the second triumvirate that ruled Rome after 43 BC

Livius, Titus Eng. Livy, Roman historian, 64 or 59 - 17 BC, writer of a history of Rome in 142 books, called Ab Urbe Condita ("from the foundation of the city of Rome")

Lucius Iunius Brutus traditional founder of the Roman republic, who liberated Rome from the last Etruscan monarch in 509 BC

Lupa Capitolina "Capitoline" she-wolf who saved Romulus and Remus from drowning in the Tiber; its sculpture (nowadays in the Conservatory Palace) stood on the Capitol high up on a column

N

Numa Pompilius second king of Rome, 715-673 BC, successor of Romulus

Numitor king of Alba Longa, father of Rhea Silvia, grandfather of Romulus & Remus

O

Octavianus originally called Gaius Octavius, 63 BC - AD 14, first emperor of Rome 27 BC-AD 14, adopted son of Julius Caesar, whereafter his official name was Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus

Odysseus hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey, king of Ithaca, son of Laertes and, Lat. Ulixes, Eng. Ulysses

P

Pharnaces king of the Cimmerian Bosporus, beaten by Julius Caesar in 47 (veni, vidi, vici i.e. "I came, I saw, I conquered")

Pollux, Castor and the Greek heroes Kastoor and Polydeukes, participants in the journey of the Argonauts

Pompeius Magnus "the Great", in full Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, 106-48 BC, one of the great statesmen and generals of the late Roman Republic, triumvir (61-54 BC), associate and later opponent of Julius Caesar

R

Rea Silvia daughter of king Numitor, mother of Romulus and Remus

Romulus & Remus the legendary founders of Rome; the sons of Rhea Silvia, daughter of Numitor, king of Alba Longa

S

Spartacus Thracian leader of the slave rebellion of 73 BC

Spurius Tarpeius commander of the Capitol when it was besieged by the Sabines, in legend father of the maiden Tarpeia

T

Terentius Afer, Publius Latin poet 195-159 BC, after Plautus the greatest Roman comic dramatist, the author of six verse comedies

V

Varro, Marcus Terentius the most gifted historian and scholar of the pre-Imperial Roman era, 116-27 BC

Vergilius Maro, Publius poet of the Augustan court, writer of national epic the Aeneis, 70-19 BC